Armistice Agreement France
Hostilities shall be suspended six hours after the date on which the Italian Government informed the German Government of the conclusion of its agreement. The German government will inform the French government of this period by radio. The ceasefire had some relative advantages for the French, compared to less good possible results, such as maintaining the colonial empire and the fleet, and by avoiding complete occupation and disarmament, the French hull state remaining in the unoccupied area was able to impose some independence and de facto neutrality vis-à-vis the axis. [Citation required] According to William Shirer`s book, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, French General Charles Huntziger complained that the ceasefire conditions imposed on France were harsher than those imposed on Germany in 1918. An unoccupied southern region, the Free Zone, was left relatively free to be governed by a Vichy-based French hull administration, which also managed the occupied areas, but with severe restrictions. When Adolf Hitler learned from the French government that he wanted to negotiate a ceasefire, Hitler chose the Compiègne forest as a place of negotiation. Compiègne being the site of the armistice of 1918, which ended the First World War with the capitulation of Germany, Hitler used this place as a moment of supreme revenge for Germany over France. Hitler decided that the signing would take place in the same railway wagon, the Compiègne Wagon, where the Germans had signed the 1918 ceasefire. In the last sentence of the preamble, the authors add: "Germany does not intend to use the ceasefire conditions and ceasefire negotiations as a form of humiliation against such a brave adversary," referring to the French forces. In article 3, clause 2, the authors stated that their intention was not to occupy north-west France after the cessation of hostilities with Great Britain. A ceasefire is fundamentally different from a peace treaty. A ceasefire is negotiated by military authorities – who are subject to the authority of a government that can ask them to include non-military clauses and that has an immediate goal of ending the struggle. A peace treaty is negotiated by a civilian government and defines the conditions for peace by laying the foundations for a new international order.
From this point of view, French diplomacy did not act directly under the authority of Marshal Foch at the very moment of the signing of the ceasefire. Just like the invasion of Alsace-Lorraine by French troops, from 17 to 22 November 1918, was a military enterprise under the command of General Henri Gouraud. Gentlemen, a week ago, in the statement I made to your seigneuries, I made a brief report on certain events that led to Marshal Pétain`s request to establish ceasefire conditions. Today I can give some additional information needed to complete the story. I spoke to your lordships about Declaration 657, issued by the French Foreign Minister, in which he said that the French Government would never accept shameful conditions or conditions that would mean the end of their freedom of mind. .