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An Agreement Or Compact

For example, an intergovernmental authority called the National Capital Region Woodrow Wilson Bridge and Tunnel Authority was created under the Woodrow Wilson Bridge and the Compact Tunnel, Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia, to take over the ownership and operation of the bridge by the federal government. [58] The pact provides that the agency is governed by a thirteen-member body, four of which are appointed by each state and one member is appointed by the U.S. Secretary of Transportation. For voting purposes, seven members of this Board of Directors form a quorum, with the exception of eight votes for the issuance of bonds by the Agency and the approval of the Authority`s annual budget; For matters exclusively within the jurisdiction of one of the parties, two of its designated members must vote in favour of approval; and "single source" purchases of more than $100,000 in real estate, services or construction must be submitted for prior approval by the majority of board members. [59] In the United States, an intergovernmental pact is a pact or agreement between two or more states or between states and a foreign government. The compact clause (Article I, Section 10, Clause 3) of the United States Constitution provides that "no state ,... Make an agreement or pact with another state or with a foreign power,..."[1] While intergovernmental pacts are binding agreements between states that are contracting parties, pacts that are approved by Congress also become federal law. The Supreme Court ruled that a border between states, agreed in an intergovernmental pact approved by Congress, "is binding and ultimately settles the border between them [] and with the same effect as a treaty between sovereign powers." [21] In Cuyler v. Adams, the Court of Justice, when Congress approved an intergovernmental pact and that "the purpose of this agreement is an appropriate subject for congressional legislation, congressional approval turns the state agreement into federal law, in accordance with the compact clause." [22] The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit has clarified that pacts approved by Congress, which do not threaten the supremacy of the federal state but address matters suitable for congressional legislation, still become a federal right, although such approval has not been required. [23] According to the Constitution, the U.S. Supreme Court is originally responsible for resolving interstate disputes[24] and the Court will apply intergovernmental covenants in accordance with the principles of contract law.

[25] A compact for which much information is available online is the Multistate Tax Compact, which came into effect in 1967. Its members include 15 states and the District of Columbia. [76] The compact available on the Multistate Tax Commission website has established that the Commission should pursue the following objectives: many compact offers contained in the National Center for Interstate Compacts database contain links to the websites of intergovernmental agencies formed by these pacts. These intergovernmental agency websites, such as the Multistate Tax Commission described above, may contain an agency`s pact, statutes, other internal administrative documents, guidelines for Member States, annual reports and other documents. There are several such examples: the Constitution does not provide for any provision regarding the date of approval of Congress or the nature or form to be used to designate it.15FootnoteGreen/.